the organisms in the plant kingdom
make their own food (glucose) using
energy from the Sun; plants make
their own food in a process
need water and carbon dioxide as
raw materials and light energy in
order to make photosynthesis happen.
ferns, conifers and flowering plants
are the four main plant groups.
5.) Conifers and
flowering plants reproduce
by using seeds. Each seed can then
grow into a new plant.
6.) The conifer seeds
are found inside cones.
7.) The flowering
plants seeds are
found inside fruits. We can eat
the roots of carrot plants, eat the
leaves of spinach plants, eat the stems
or celery plants, and eat some flowers,
8.) Mosses and ferns reproduce
by using tiny spores. Each spore
can then grow into a new a plant.
The spores are so small that you
can hardly see them.
9.) Moss spores
are made inside of capsules
10.) Ferns have
spore containers on the undersides
or underneath their leaves.
11.) Most plants
absorb water from the soil using
their roots and transport the water
up through the plant to the leaves
in special tubes called xylem vessels.
12.) Other tissues
called phloem carry other substances
around the plant.
13.) Plants with
xylem vessels have waterproof layers
of waxy cuticle on their leaves to
stop them from losing
too much water.
14.) Conifers have
roots and xylem vessels and have
needle-shaped leaves with
15.) Mosses do
not have roots or xylem vessels,
they have tin leaves with no cuticle
which lose a lot of water.
16.) Flowering plants have
roots and xylem vessels. and
have large flat leaves with cuticles.
Most plants are flowering plants,
but some of the flowering plants
are difficult to spot. Grass is
a flowering plant. Grass
flowers are green and therefore not
17.) Ferns have
roots and xylem vessels and
have many small leaves that have
cuticles and therefore don’t
lose much water.