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Plant Knowledge
 
All about plants

Amazing, Interesting and educational facts all about the plant kingdom.

How do they do what they do?

 

 
 
Plant facts

1.)  All the organisms in the plant kingdom make their own food (glucose) using photosynthesis.

2.)  Using energy from the Sun; plants make their own food in a process called photosynthesis.

3.) Plants need water and carbon dioxide as raw materials and light energy in order to make photosynthesis happen.

4.)  Mosses, ferns, conifers and flowering plants are the four main plant groups.

5.)  Conifers and flowering plants reproduce by using seeds. Each seed can then grow into a new plant.

6.)  The conifer seeds are found inside cones.

7.)  The flowering plants seeds are found inside fruits.  We can eat the roots of carrot plants, eat the leaves of spinach plants, eat the stems or celery plants, and eat some flowers, like broccoli. 

8.)  Mosses and ferns reproduce by using tiny spores. Each spore can then grow into a new a plant. The spores are so small that you can hardly see them.

9.)  Moss spores are made inside of capsules

10.) Ferns have spore containers on the undersides or underneath their leaves.

11.) Most plants absorb water from the soil using their roots and transport the water up through the plant to the leaves in special tubes called xylem vessels.

12.) Other tissues called phloem carry other substances around the plant.

13.) Plants with xylem vessels have waterproof layers of waxy cuticle on their leaves to stop them from losing too much water.

14.) Conifers have roots and xylem vessels and have needle-shaped leaves with cuticles.

15.) Mosses do not have roots or xylem vessels, they have tin leaves with no cuticle which lose a lot of water.

16.) Flowering plants have roots and xylem vessels. and have large flat leaves with cuticles. Most plants are flowering plants, but some of the flowering plants are difficult to spot. Grass is a flowering plant.  Grass flowers are green and therefore not brightly colored.

17.) Ferns have roots and xylem vessels and have many small leaves that have cuticles and therefore don’t lose much water.

 
 
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