The Moon Orbit - The Moon orbits (travels around)
the Earth once every 28 days and 8 hours. This
is called a lunar month. The Earth orbits the Sun.
The Moon rises and sets every day just like the Sun.
The Moon is a big round ball of rock.
The temperature of the Moon is 120 degrees celsius when in the Sun and -16o degrees celsius when in the shadows.
The surface of the Moon - has crater, mountains and valleys (rilles). Craters cover most of the surface of the Moon. The craters were formed by rocks from space crashing into it. The mountains are the oldest parts of the Moon - referred to as 'highlands'. The valleys were formed by rivers of lava or cracks in the Moon's crust. They are long and narrow.The valleys are often referred to as rilles. The lighter areas of the Moon are covered in a dusty moon rock called regolith or lunar soil.
The Moon does not make its own
light. We can see the Moon because it reflects
light from the Sun.
The Moon seems to be different
shapes at different times of the
month. These shapes are called phases
of the Moon. The Moon is always round, it is just the different light from the Sun hitting the Moon as it orbits Earth.
The Moon does not have any water, so nothing
can live on it.
The first person to step
on the Moon was Neil Armstrong
on July 20, 1969.
Astronauts on the Moon have to
take their own oxygen and food to
The Moon’s gravity pulls
on Earth. Earth is solid and therefore cannot
move, but the water in the seas and
oceans is pulled towards the Moon
which causes tides.
We always see the same side
of the Moon from Earth. The Moon spins around like a spinning top once every 27 days and 8 hours and the Moon orbits Earth once every 27 days and 8 hours.
The far side of the Moon that we never see has many more craters and less seas than the side we see. Photographs were taken by the space probe Luna in 1959.
A full Moon causes
the ocean to rise from its gravitational
Viewing the Moon - The Moon can be seen with the naked eye in the evening and sometimes in the daylight. When you look at the Moon you can see dark and light areas all over the Moon. If you have a pair of binoculars; use them to have a good look at the Moon in the night sky. You will be amazed at how much closer and larger the Moon will appear. You may even be able to see the mountains and craters on the Moon. Another way to view the Moon is by using a telescope. A telescope will make it easier for you to see even more details on the surface of the Moon.
The phases of the Moon (shapes of the Moon):
New Moon - the Moon looks dark - no light.
When the New Moon begins it's orbit we start to see more and more of the Moon's surface lit which is called waxing. Once a Full Moon is reached we start to see less and less of the Moon's surface lit which is called waning.
Waxing Cresent - we can see a crescent (thin slice) of the Moon lit up. (Waxing - appearing to grow larger)
First Quarter - we can see a Half Moon as the Moon has travelled one quarter of its orbit.
Waxing Gibbous - we can see more of the Moon's face a couple of days later. (Waxing - appearing to grow larger)
Full Moon - this is half at half it's orbit so we can see the whole of the Moon lit.
Waning Gibbous - we start to see less of the Moon. (Waning - appearing to grow smaller)
Last Quarter - we can see a Half Moon again a week after the Full Moon as it is in it's Last Quarter of orbit.
Waning Crescent - we can see a crescent at the other edge of the Moon as it completes it's orbit. (Waning - appearing to grow smaller)
Man in the Moon comes from a legend or folk story. A man was put on the Moon for stealing.
If you take time and really look at the Moon's surface you may be able to see shapes of different animals.